Once a manager has created a work plan, the next phase in management cycle is to organize the people and other resources necessary to carry out the plan. Organizing should also consider the resources and physical facilities available, in order to maximize returns
With minimum expenditure.
Organizing may be referred to as the process of arranging and distributing the planned
Work, authority and resources among an organization’s members, so they can achieve
The organization’s goals.
Organizing involves the following steps:
Creating the organizational structure – The framework of the organization is created within which effort is coordinated allocating human resources to ensure the accomplishment of objectives. This structure is usually represented by an organizational chart, which is a graphic representation of the chain of command within an organization.
Making organizational design decisions – Decisions are made about the structure of an organization.
Making job design decisions – Roles and responsibilities of individual jobs, and the process of carrying out the duties is defined.
Organizing at the level of a particular job involves how best to design individual jobs so as to most effectively utilize human resources. Traditionally, job design was based on principles of division of labor and specialization, which assumed that the more narrow the job content, the more proficient the individual performing the job could become.