Tourism Management – Terminology

Let us now discuss a few terms that are frequently used in the tourism industry.

●      Attraction − It is a physical or cultural feature of a place that can satisfy tourists’ leisure based need.

●      Cultural Heritage − It is an expression of the manner of living developed by a community and passed on from one generation to the next. It includes customs, practices, places, objects, artistic expressions and values.

●      Dark Tourism − (Black or Grief tourism) It is the tourism involving travel to places historically associated with death and tragedy.

●      Destination − It is a place the tourist visits and stays there for at least 24 hours. The destination supports staying facilities, attractions, and tourist resources.

●      Ecotourism − It involves maintenance and enhancement of natural systems such as water, air, woods and forests, and flora and fauna through tourism.

●      Excursionist − Persons traveling for pleasure in a period less than 24 hours

●      Foreign Tourist − Any person visiting a country, other than that in which he/she usually resides, for a period of at least 24 hours.

●      Hiking − A long and vigorous walk on the trail.

●      Intermediaries − They are the intermediate links between the form of goods and services tourists do not require and the form of goods and services the tourists demand.

●      Itinerary − A documented plan of the tour.

●      Leisure − The free time when obligations are at a minimum and one can relax.

●      Recreation − The activities carried out during leisure time.

●      Site − It is a particular place bound by physical or cultural characteristics

●      Skiing − It is a recreational activity and competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.

●      Snorkeling − It is the practice of swimming on or through a water body while being equipped with a diving mask composed of a shaped tube called a snorkel.

●      Terrain − It is a stretch of land, especially with regard to its physical features.

●      Tourism Carrying Capacity − The maximum number of people that may visit a tourist destination at the same time, without causing destruction of the physical, economic, socio-cultural environment, and an unacceptable decrease in the quality of visitors’ satisfaction.

●      Travel − The act of moving outside one’s home community for business or pleasure but not for commuting or traveling to or from usual places.

●      United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) − It is the United Nations (UN) agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable, and universally accessible tourism.

●      Visitor − A non-residential person visiting the place.

●      WTO − World Tourism Organization.

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