Management philosophy is the manager’s set of personal beliefs and values about people and work. It is something that the manager can control. Eminent social psychologist and management researcher, Douglas McGregor, emphasized that a manager’s philosophy
Creates a self‐fulfilling prophecy. Theory X managers treat employees almost as children
Who need constant direction, while Theory Y managers treat employees as competent
Adults capable of participating in work‐related decisions.
These managerial philosophies then have a subsequent effect on employee behavior,
Leading to the self‐fulfilling prophecy. As a result, organizational and managerial
Philosophies need to be in harmony.