eHRM can be defined as the planning, implementation and application of information technology for both networking and supporting the HR activities.
eHRM is in essence the devolution of HR operations to management and employees. They access these operations typically through intranet or other web-technology channels.
From this ground, eHRM has expanded to embrace the delivery of virtually all HR policies. Within the system of eHRM, it is possible for margin managers to use desktop computers to organize and conduct appraisals, plan training and development, evaluate labor costs, and examine indicators for turnover and absenteeism.
Employees can also use a system of eHRM to plan their personal improvement, apply for promotion and new jobs, and access a range of information on HR policy. Systems of eHRM are increasingly encouraged by dedicated software produced by private suppliers.
On the basis of functionalities, we can divide eHRM into three different levels or tiers. In this section, we will be having a brief idea about these three tiers.
● Operational eHRM − It is about administrative functions like payroll and employee personal data. All the employee details are stored in the database and regularly updated.
● Relational eHRM − It is about supporting business processes. This is done by means of selection, training, recruitment, performance management, career development of the employees and so forth.
● Transformational eHRM − It is about strategic HR exercises such as knowledge management and strategic re-orientation. An organization may decide to pursue E-HRM policies from any number of these tiers to meet their HR goals.
eHRM is seen as the potential to develop services to HR department clients (both employees and management), develop efficiency and cost effectiveness within the HR department, and permit HR to become a strategic partner in achieving organizational goals.
In recruiting aspect, we have a number of websites for recruiting of employees in industries. Some of the popular and important web sites in India are listed below.
We have mentioned a few of the examples showing eHRM, but there are lot more we can use. Our ATM transactions, automatic updating system, e-library, e-governance, all come under eHRM. These are some of the examples showing eHRM in India. It is a huge branch of study; in this section, we have just introduced the concept of eHRM.