Management as a practice gained ground when the concept of working together in groups to achieve common objectives was realized by men. But the study of management as a systematic field of knowledge began at the advent of the Industrial Revolution, which ushered in a new era of serious thinking and theorizing on management.
To begin with, there is no single universally accepted theory of management. “The wild array of management theories could even look like a jungle” says Harold Koontz. However, to help put the different theories in perspective, we shall discuss them as representing different schools of thought.